There is no vaccine for Hepatitis C, therefore prevention of HCV infection depends upon reducing the risk of exposure to the virus in health-care settings and in higher risk populations, for example, people who inject drugs, and through sexual contact.

The following list provides a limited example of primary prevention interventions recommended by WHO:

  • Hand hygiene: including surgical hand preparation, hand washing and use of gloves
  • Safe handling and disposal of sharps and waste
  • Provision of comprehensive harm-reduction services to people who inject drugs including sterile injecting equipment
  • Testing of donated blood for Hepatitis B and C (as well as HIV and syphilis)
  • Training of health personnel
  • Promotion of correct and consistent use of condoms